What Is The 5nm And 7nm Chip?
5nm and 7nm on a chip are essentially the width between the transistors inside the chip. The lower the number, the more advanced the technology.
It has been calculated that the chip's performance improves by 30-60% for every 1nm advanced. Smaller sizes mean more transistors can be packed into the same area, resulting in faster speeds and lower power consumption.
5nm and 7nm Refer To The Width Between Transistors In Chip
In a chip, there are a lot of transistors. The width of each transistor will be expressed in terms of 5nm and 7nm. The technical term is "process". "nm" is a unit. 1 nm equals 0.0000001cm. So the widths of 5nm and 7nm are too small to be discerned with the naked eye.
At present, 7nm chips are common, and 5nm chips are an advanced thing in the market. After all, going from 7nm to 5nm may seem like a very small step, but it's a huge step in terms of technology.
The Smaller The Number, The more advanced the technology\
The number in front of the "nm" unit also symbolizes a process or technique. The smaller the number, the more advanced the technology. A chip of the same size can carry more 5nm transistors than 7nm transistors.
In this case, the more transistors there are, the better the performance will be, ideally. For example, when clothes are folded flat and compressed, more clothes can be packed into the same box and the performance of the box will be better.
But how do you reduce the size of a garment? This is the technology, and the difference in technology will lead to the difference in the number of clothes in the storage box.
Also, the smaller the number, the lower the power consumption. Similarly, to use A popular saying, A has to run 500 meters to get to B, but after narrowing the distance, it only needs to run 200 meters, and the energy consumption of 200 meters is naturally lower than that of 500 meters. And less physical exertion, relatively speaking, will be more energy saving.
Therefore, nowadays, the major manufacturers are constantly catching up with each other, hoping to break through the current technology to make their chips in a favorable position in the market, so as to enhance their competitiveness and value. For consumers, the smaller the chip, the better the performance